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4 Principles of Chronic Disease Management
Chronic disease management involves treatment and support for people living with a chronic health condition. It provides them with the medical care, information, skills, and resources they need to manage their disease effectively every day. Chronic diseases are classified as long-term ailments that typically advance slowly. Heart disease, diabetes, chronic renal disease, asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), depression, and arthritis are just a few of the illnesses that fall under this category.
4 Fundamental principles of chronic disease management
Some of the principles include:
1. Acknowledging the patient’s experience
Chronic disease management should address the patient’s needs, concerns, and emotions, such as grieving over lost abilities and provide them the chance to communicate their concerns about their chronic disease. By acknowledging subjective perceptions and symptoms of disease, the primary care doctor formally accepts the validity of the patient’s experiences. The acknowledgment aids patients in adapting to their disease and improves the patient-doctor relationship.
2. Acknowledging the patient’s knowledge of their life
The caregiver should recognize and appreciate the patient’s knowledge. Since successful chronic disease management is dependent on the patient’s actions, all contacts with health professionals should focus on the patient’s strengths and difficulties in managing their condition. Management plans should consider the knowledge of health professionals and the patient’s issues, objectives, and resources. Patients should be regarded as bona fide members of the health care team and this gives them a sense of control and empowerment.
3. Establishing a long-term relationship
Effective chronic disease management requires a long-term relationship between patients and healthcare providers. The partnership is both a connection and a process that encourages the patient to take charge of their condition. As a result, patients may become active participants in their care, assisting in clarifying symptoms and diagnoses, sharing decision-making and treatment duties, discussing treatment results and alternatives, and deciding on a treatment plan. This principle is based on both improving the physician-patient interaction and establishing common ground.
Mutual respect, trust, and collaborative action are necessary components for the patient-physician relationship to develop and improve. The patient and the health care provider must be willing to share authority and responsibilities. Continuity of care is a chance to strengthen the patient-doctor relationship, empower the patient, and provide support during the most challenging stages of chronic disease.
Finding common ground is when a health professional and a patient understand and agree about chronic disease, the objectives and priorities in chronic disease management and treatment, and the roles of the patient and the health professional. The needs, interests, and beliefs of patients should always be honored.
4. Providing a genuine sense of hope
This principle focuses on optimism and support in the face of uncertainty or the unavoidable worsening of chronic diseases. Hope has been highlighted as a critical quality necessary for patient adaptation to sickness and impairment. Providing patients with optimism balanced with realism helps them cope with uncertainty and improves their well-being and adaptability. Hope does not ignore the unpleasant parts of the condition but instead emphasizes the good, less negative, and potential changes that might lead to better outcomes or quality of life.
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